Karpoori Thakur

Karpoori Thakur

Karpoori Thakur

Date of Birth : 24 January, 1924
Date Of Death : 18 February, 1988

Mini Biography :
Karpoori Thakur (24 January 1924-18 February 1988) was an Indian politician from the Bihar state. He was popularly known as Jan Nayak. He served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from December 1970 to June 1971 (Socialist Party/Bharatiya Kranti Dal), and from December 1977 to April 1979 (Janata Party).

Karpoori Thakur, son of Gokul Thakur, was born in Pitaunjhia (now renamed to Karpuri Gram) village of the Samastipur District of British India. As a student activist, he left his graduate college to join the Quit India Movement. For his participation in the Indian independence movement, he spent 26 months in prison.

After India gained independence, Thakur worked as a teacher in his village’s school. He became a member of the Bihar Vidhan Sabha in 1952. He was arrested for leading P & T employees during the general strike of the Central Government employees in 1960. In 1970, he undertook a fast unto death for 28 days to promote the cause of Telco labourers.

Thakur served as a minister and a Deputy Chief Minister, before becoming the the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Bihar in 1970. He also enforced total prohibition of alcohol in Bihar. During his reign, many schools and colleges were established in the backward areas of Bihar.

A socialist leader, Karpoori Thakur was close to Jaya Prakash Narayan.During the emergency in India (1975-77), he led the “Total Revolution” movement aimed at non-violent transformation of the Indian society. After the Janata Party came to power, he won the chief ministership battle from the then Janata Party President Satyendra Narayan Sinha to become the Bihar Chief Minister for a second term in 1977. However he could not last his full term because he lost the leadership battle in 1979 from Ram Sundar Das whom his adversaries placed against him and was replaced as chief minister.

Thakur was known as the champion of the cause of the Dalits and the poor .At the same he is also responcible for devision of society of Bihar on caste line and anti foreward feelinngs. First backward -foreward riot took place during his chiefministership Himself from a backward class, he introduced reservation for the backward classes in the Government jobs, in 1978.

Karpoori Thakur’s birthplace, Pitaunjhia, was renamed to Karpuri Gram (Hindi for “Karpuri village”) after his death in 1988. The Jan Nayak Karpuri Thakur Vidhi Mahavidyalaya (Law College) in Buxar is also named after him. The Department of Posts released a commemorative stamp in his memory.

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