Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah

Shiekh Abdullah

Shiekh Abdullah

Date of Birth : December 5, 1905
Date Of Death : September 8, 1982

Mini Biography :

Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, Sher-e-Kashmir (the Lion of Kashmir) (December 5, 1905, Soura, Kashmir – September 8, 1982, Srinagar), was the leader of the National Conference, Kashmir’s largest political party, and one of the most important political figures in the modern history of Jammu and Kashmir.

Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah was born in Soura, a village on the outskirts of Srinagar just eleven days after the death of his father Sheikh Mohammed Ibrahim, a middle class manufacturer and trader of Kashmir Shawls. In his own words he was born an orphan. Sheikh Ibrahim like the poet Iqbal was the descendant of a Kashmiri Hindu(Pandit) named Ragho Ram Koul who was converted to Islam in 1722 A.D. by his saint Mir Abdul Rashid Baihiqi and after conversion changed his name to Shiekh Mohammed Abdullah.

He passed his Matriculation examination from Punjab University in 1922.After Matriculation he obtained admission in Sri Partap College the leading college of Kashmir.Because of extreme poverty he had to walk the distance of about fifteen miles from Soura to S.P.College and back and so developed Cardiomegaly (perhaps an early sign of beriberi brought about by malnutrition and severe exercise).He was admitted to the Mission Hospital where under the treatment of the famous Neve brothers he recovered completely.His elder brother Sheikh Maqbool was moved by his illness and agreed to pay for his stay in the college hostel from where he passed his intermediate(F.Sc.) examination.

He agitated against the rule of the Maharaja Hari Singh, and urged self-rule for Kashmir. He was the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir State soon after its controversial provisional accession to India in 1947, and was later jailed and exiled. He again became the Chief Minister of the State following the 1974 Indira-Sheikh accord and remained in the top slot till his death on September 8, 1982.

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