Mini Biography :
Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda (born 18 May 1933) was the 14th Prime Minister of the Republic of India (1996â€“1997) and the 14th chief minister of the state of Karnataka (1994â€“1996).Born into a farming family, he won his first seat in the Karnataka state assembly in 1962, rising to become Karnataka’s chief minister. In the late 1970s Deve Gowda rose in the Janata party and was an important figure in reuniting its successor, the Janata Dal party, after the original group splintered in 1980. Deve Gowda was instrumental in attracting to the party divergent castes. When the Congress party was defeated in the 1996 general elections and Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao resigned, Deve Gowda became prime minister of the United Front coalition government after BJP failed to form a government.
Deve Gowda was born in 1933 in Haradanahalli village of Holenarasipura taluk, Hassan District in Karnataka. A Civil Engineering diploma holder, he plunged into politics at an early age when he joined the Congress Party in 1953 and remained a member till 1962. He was the President of Anjaneya Co-operative Society and later as a member of Taluk Development Board, Holenarasipura.
In 1962, Deve Gowda contested from Holenarasipur constituency as an independent candidate for Karnataka Legislative Assembly elections and became a MLA. Later he was elected from the same constituency for three more consecutive terms: the fourth (1967-71), the fifth (1972-77), and the sixth (1978-83) Assemblies.
Later he resigned his membership of the sixth Assembly on 22 November 1982. As a member of the seventh and the eighth Assemblies, he served as the Minister of Public Works and Irrigation. He resigned from the Cabinet in 1987 in protest against insufficient allocation of funds for irrigation.
He became the President of Janata party twice at state level and president of the state Janata Dal in 1994. He was elected the leader of the Janata Dal Legislative Party and on 11 December 1994 he assumed office as the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka. He then contested as a candidate from Ramanagar constituency and won by a thumping majority.
His leadership of the Third Front (a group of regional parties and Non-Congress and Non-BJP combine) led to his Prime Minister’s job. Deve Gowda resigned as the Chief Minister of Karnataka on 30 May 1996 to be sworn in as the 11th Prime Minister of India.
Seven former Chief Ministers -- of Karnataka, Jharkhand and Delhi took oath as members of the 15th Lok Sabha. Delhi's first woman Chief Minister Sushma Swaraj, who won the just-concluded election from Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh, took oath in Sanskrit. Former Prime...