K Karunakaran

K Karunakaran

K Karunakaran

Date of Birth : July 5, 1918

Mini Biography :

K. Karunakaran (born July 5, 1918) is an Indian politician. For most part of his political career, he has been with Indian National Congress. He is a former Chief Minister of Kerala, Home minister of Government of Kerala, and Minister for Industries of Government of India. He is affectionately called “Leader” by Congress activists.K Karunakaran was born to Kannoth Ramunni Marar and Kannoth Kalyani Marasiyar at Cherukunnu-Chundayil in Kannur District, he matriculated from Raja’s High School Chirakkal and did his diploma in Design, Geometry and Painting from College of Arts, Kannur.

Karunakaran started his career as an activist in the Kochi Rajya Praja Mandalam and later entered electoral politics as member of the Thrissur Municipal Council from 1945 – 1947. He was a founding member of the INTUC. He was elected 8 times to the Kerala Legislative Assembly between 1965 and 1995 and served as Chief Minister four times.

Karunakaran was a member of the Congress Working Committee from 1969. In 1995, he was elected to the Rajya Sabha and served as the minister of industries in the Cabinet for a year. He was married to Kalyanikutty Amma and has a son and a daughter. He became a member of Lok Sabha in 1998 from Thiruvananthapuram (Lok Sabha constituency) and later in 1999 from Mukundapuram (Lok Sabha constituency).

Karunakaran was elected to Trichur Municipality way back in 1945, and subsequently to the Cochin Legislative Assembly in 1948 and Travancore – Cochin Legislative Assembly three times, i.e. in 1949, 1952 & 1954. He has been elected to Kerala Legislative Assembly from Mala Assembly Constituency seven times consecutively, i.e. in 1967, 1970, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1987 & 1991.

Karunakaran took initiative to form a unity of the workers in Sitharam Mills, Thrissur and formed a new trade union named Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) at May, 1947. It becomes one of the largest trade union in India having over 4 million membership today.

He was the Chief whip of the Congress Legislature Party in the Travancore –Cochin Legislative Assembly from 1952-1953 and the leader of Congress Legislature Party in the Kerala Legislative Assembly for a very long period from 1967 to 1995.

He was elected to 7th Kerala Legislative Assembly simultaneously from Mala and Nemom constituencies in 1982. However he resigned his Nemom seat on 1.6.1982. He was the Leader of Opposition in the Kerala Legislative Assembly from 1967 to 1969, 1980 to 1981 and from 1987 to 1991. He is a founder member of Indian delegation to ILO in 1957. He got an remarkable winning of the complete vote polled in Vellanikkara booth of Ollukkara Mandal.

He has served in a number of Committees in the Kerala Legislative Assembly and was the Chairman of the Committee on Public Accounts from 1968 to 1970.He chaired the Committee of Privileges from 1982 to 1986.

Karunakaran has been a member of the Congress Working Committee since 1969 and the Member of Parliamentary Board from 1970 onwards.

Karunakaran is the founder of United Democratic Front (UDF) in 1970. He evinced utmost care in ensuring cordiality, unity and understanding among the constituent parties, and he commanded absolute control and due respect from them.

He was also the head of the Committee for revamping the Congress Party. It was he, who proposed the tangible solution for reservation, at a time, when this sensitive issue rocked the Nation. His ability to prompt proposition of apt panacea to iron out the burning issues and stalemate and to give spontaneous replies to disquieting questions are unparalleled.

Karunakaran was the Home Minister from 25..09..1971 to 24..03..1977 in the Ministry headed by C. Achutha Menon. While the emergency was declared in 1975, he took utmost care in administering the state without giving any room for complaint of any excess of the emergency powers and this was recognized by the people of Kerala when they returned the UDF to power with record majority in the ensuing elections of 1977.

Karunakaran has been the Chief Minister of Kerala four times. He took charge as Chief Minister for the first time on 25-3-1977. However he tendered his resignation on 25-4-1977, immediately following certain references by the Kerala High Court in what came to be known as ‘Rajan case’.

He took charge as Chief Minister again on December 28, 1981. However, this ministry did not last long. He resigned on 17th March 1982, following the withdrawal of support by a member of the Kerala Congress (M). Midterm elections to the 7th Kerala Legislative Assembly was held on May 19, 1982. The Ministry with Shri. K.Karunakaran as Chief Minister assumed office on 24th May 1982 and continued till 1987. On June 24, 1991, Shri.K.Karunakaran took charge as Chief Minister of Kerala for the fourth term, and resigned on March 16, 1995, making way for A.K.Antony to take up the Chief Ministership.

As a veteran Parliamentarian, whose career stretches over five decades, Karunakaran has been elected three times to Rajya Sabha and to Lok Sabha twice.
Widely respected within the country as ‘leader’ and administrator, Shri. K. Karunakaran has contributed much to the development of the state. The Kerala State Film Development Corporation, Nedumbassery Airport, Gosree Project, Guruvayoor Railway Line, Jawaharlal Nehru International Stadium and NTPC Kayamkulam are among them.

Karunakaran, a true Gandhian throughout his personal and political life, has been respected and praised by all as an ardent secular leader both in words and deeds.

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