|Winner of General Elections 2009 in Andaman & Nicobar Islands is SHRI. BISHNU PADA RAY (BJP)|
|Shri. Bishnu Pada Ray||BJP||Lotus||Aberdeen Round Basti Port Blair||75211|
|Shri. Kuldeep Rai Sharma||INC||Hand||Junglighat Port Blair South Andaman||72221|
|Shri Tapan Kumar Bepari||CPM||Hammer Sickle and Star||HarinagarBilligroundMayabunder||7190|
|Shri. P. R. Ganeshan||RJD||Hurricane Lamp||Ward No.11-2 Port Blair South Andaman||4916|
|Smti. R. S. Uma Bharathy||NCP||Clock||15 Shivram Complex Mohanpura Port Blair||4696|
|Shri. Pradeep Kumar Ekka||JDP||Nagara||House No.132 Range Office Mannarghat||1785|
|Shri. Vakiath Valappil Khalid||IND||Basket||23/3 Anarkali Village Port Blair South Andaman||1480|
|Shri. M. S. Mohan||BSP||Elephant||Dollygunj Junglighat P.O. Port Blair||789|
|Shri. N. K. P. Nair||CPI(ML)(L)||Flag with Three Stars||CPI (ML) Office Delanipur Haddo P.O. Port Blair||734|
|Dr. Thankachan||IND||Coconut||M. G. Road Lambaline Port Blair||683|
|Shri. T. Ali||IND||Batsman||Near Carmel Tailors Phoenix Bay Port Blair||398|
|Year||Voter Turnout Percentage||Winner Candidate||Percentage||Party||Runnerup Candidate||Percentage||Party|
|2004||63.66||MANORANJAN BHAKTA||55.77||INC||BISHNU PADA RAY||35.95||BJP|
|1999||59.46||Bishnu Pada Ray||52.74||BJP||Manoranjan Bhakta||43.17||INC|
|1998||63.66||Manoranjan Bhakta||35.91||INC||Bishnu Pada Ray||35.53||BJP|
|1996||61.98||Manoranjan Bhakta||58.22||INC||Bishnu Pada Ray||24.25||BJP|
|1991||64.35||Manoranjan Bhakta||50.39||INC||Tapan Bepari||44.14||CPM|
|1989||71.71||Manoranjan Bhakta||47.21||INC||Tapan Bepari||30.49||CPM|
|1980||84.45||Manoranjan Bhakta||53.29||INC(I)||P.k.s. Prasad||20.3||CPM|
|1977||71.02||Manoranjan Bhakta||58.45||INC||K.r. Ganesh||41.55||IND|
First inhabitantsThe Andaman and Nicobar islands have been inhabited for several thousand years, at the very least. The earliest archaeological evidence yet documented goes back some 2,200 years; however, the indications from genetic, cultural and linguistic isolation studies point to habitation going back 30,000 to 60,000 years, well into the Middle Paleolithic. In the Andaman Islands, the various Andamanese peoples maintained their separated existence through the vast majority of this time, diversifying into distinct linguistic, cultural and territorial groups. By the 1850s when they first came into sustained contact by outside groups, the indigenous peoples of the Andamans were:
- the Great Andamanese, who collectively represented at least 10 distinct sub-groups and languages;
- the Jarawa;
- the Jangil (or Rutland Jarawa);
- the Onge; and
- the Sentinelese (most isolated of all the groups).
- the Nicobarese, or Nicobari, living throughout many of the islands; and
- the Shompen, restricted to the interior of Great Nicobar.
Pre-colonial eraThe islands provided a temporary maritime base for ships of the Marathas in the 17th century. The legendary admiral Kanhoji Angre harassed colonial shipping routes with a base in the islands.
British colonial periodAfter an initial attempt to set up a colony in the islands by the British was abandoned after only a few years (1789-1796), a second attempt from 1858 proved to be more permanent. The primary purpose was to set up a penal colony for dissenters and independence fighters from the Indian subcontinent. The British used the islands as an isolated prison for members of the Indian independence movement. The mode of imprisonment was called Kala pani. The Cellular Jail in Port Blair was regarded as the "Siberia" of British India. The islands were administered as a Chief Commissioner's Province. The British continued their occupancy until the Japanese invasion and occupation of the Andaman Islands during World War II.
Indian controlThe islands were nominally put under the authority of the Arzi Hukumate Azad Hind of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Netaji visited the islands during the war, and renamed them as "Shaheed" (Martyr) & "Swaraj" (Self-rule). General Loganathan, of the Indian National Army was made the Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. On 22 February, 1944 he along with four INA officers-Major Mansoor Ali Alvi, Sub. Lt. Md. Iqbal, Lt. Suba Singh and stenographer Srinivasan arrived at Lambaline airport of Port Blair. On 21 March,1944 the Headquarters of the Civil Administration was established near the Gurudwara at Aberdeen Bazaar. On 2 October, 1944, Col. Loganathan handed over the charge to Maj. Alvi and left Port Blair, never to return. . The islands were reoccupied by British and Indian troops of the 116 Indian Infantry Brigade on 7 October 1945, to whom the remaining Japanese garrison surrendered. At the independence of both India (1947) and Burma (1948), the departing British announced their intention to resettle all Anglo-Indians and Anglo-Burmese on the islands to form their own nation, although this never materialized. It became an Indian union territory (UT) in 1950.
Recent historyOn 26 December 2004 the coasts of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were devastated by a 10 metre high tsunami following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. At least 5,930 people (possibly an accurate estimate) were believed to have been killed on the Nicobar and Andaman Islands during the disaster. One of the worst affected island was Katchal. While newer settlers of the islands suffered the greatest casualties from the tsunami, most of the aboriginal people survived because oral traditions passed down from generations ago warned them to evacuate from large waves that follow large earthquakes.
GeographyThere are 572 islands in the territory, of which only some 38 are permanently inhabited. Most of the islands (about 550) are in the Andamans group, 26 of which are inhabited. The smaller Nicobars comprise some 22 main islands (10 inhabited). The Andamans and Nicobars are separated by a channel (the Ten Degree Channel) some 150 km wide. The total area of the Andaman Islands is some 6,408 km²; that of the Nicobar Islands approximately 1,841 km².
DemographicsThe major languages spoken in the Andamans in numerical order are Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Nicobarese and Telugu. Other languages include Malayalam and English. The majority of Andamans are Hindus, but there are significant Muslims and Christian and Sikh minorities.
- Giant evergreen forest
- Andamans tropical evergreen forest
- Southern hilltop tropical evergreen forest
- Cane brakes
- Wet bamboo brakes
- Andamans semi-evergreen forest
- Andamans moist deciduous forest
- Andamans secondary moist deciduous forest
- Littoral forest
- Mangrove forest
- Brackish water mixed forest
- Submontane hill valley swamp forest
TimberAndaman Forest abounds in a plethora of timber species numbering 200 or more, out of which about 30 varieties are considered to be commercial. Major commercial timber species are Gurjan (Dipterocarpus spp.) and Padauk (Pterocarpus dalbergioides). The following ornamental woods are noted for their pronounced grain formation:
- Marble Wood (Diospyros marmorata)
- Padauk (Pterocarpus dalbergioides)
- Silver Grey (a special formation of wood in white chuglam)
- Chooi (Sageraea elliptical)
- Kokko (Albizzia lebbeck)
FaunaThis tropical rain forest despite its isolation from adjacent land masses is surprisingly rich with a diversity of animal life.
MammalsAbout 50 varieties of forest mammals are found to occur in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Some are endemic, including the Andaman Wild Boar. Rodents are the largest group with 26 species, followed by 14 species of bat. Among the larger mammals there are two endemic varieties of wild boar, Sus scrofa andamanensis from Andaman and S. s. nicobaricus from Nicobar, which are protected by the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 (Sch I). The Spotted Deer Axis axis, Barking Deer and Sambar were all introduced to the Andaman District, though the Sambar did not survive. Around 1962 there was an attempt to introduce the Leopard, which was unsuccessful because of unsuitable habitat. These were ill-considered moves as exotic introductions can cause havoc to island flora and fauna. Interview island (the largest wildlife sanctuary in the ANI) in Middle Andaman holds a population of feral elephants. These elephants were brought in for forest work by a timber company, which subsequently released them when it went bankrupt. This population has been subject to research studies.
BirdsANI has also 270 species of birds (including endemics); the Nicobar island group has a higher endemicity than the Andamans and there are a total of 14 species endemic to ANI. The State Bird of the Andamans is the Andaman Wood pigeon. Some endemic birds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are:
- Andaman Hawk Owl
- Andaman Scops Owl
- Andaman Crake (a data deficient species [IUCN 2000] - endemic species
- Andaman Coucal, subspecies of Brown Coucal - endemic subspecies
Butterflies and mothsWith about 225 species, the A&N Islands house some of the larger and most spectacular butterflies of the world. Ten species are endemic to these Islands. Mount Harriet National Park is one of the richest areas of butterfly and moth diversity on these Islands.
ShellsThese islands are traditionally known for their shell wealth, especially in the genera Turbo, Trochus, Murex and Nautilus. Earliest recorded commercial exploitation began during 1929. Shells are important to these islands because some like turbo, trochus & nautilus etc. are used as novelties supporting many cottage industries producing a wide range of decorative items & ornaments. Shells such as giant clam, green mussel and oyster support edible shellfishery, a few like scallop, clam, and cockle are burnt in kilns to produce edible lime.
AgricultureA total of 48,675 hectares of land is used for agriculture purposes. Paddy, the main food crop, is mostly cultivated in Andaman group of islands, whereas coconut and areca nut are the cash crops of Nicobar group of islands. Field crops, namely, pulses, oilseeds and vegetables are grown, followed by paddy during Rabi season. Different kinds of fruits such as mango, sapota, orange, banana, papaya, pineapple and root crops are grown on hilly land owned by farmers. Spices, viz., pepper, clove, nutmeg, and cinnamon are grown under multi-tier cropping system. Rubber, red oil, palm and cashew are grown on a limited scale in these islands.
IndustryThere are 1,374 registered small scale, village and handicrafts units. Two units are export oriented in the line of fish processing activity. Apart from this, there are shell and wood based handicraft units. There are also four medium sized industrial units. SSI units are engaged in the production of polythene bags, PVC conduit pipes and fittings, paints and varnished, fibre glass and mini flour mills, soft drinks and beverages, etc. Small scale and handicraft units are also engaged in shell crafts, bakery products, rice milling, furniture making , etc. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Integrated Development Corporation has spread its wings in the field of tourism, fisheries, industries and industrial financing and functions as authorised agents for Alliance Air/Jet Airways.
Some Informations has been taken from Wikipedia
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