Jorhat


Winner of General Elections 2009 in Jorhat is BIJOY KRISHNA HANDIQUE (INC)

Updated Election Results Details of Jorhat


Candidate NamePartySymbolAddressVote
Bijoy Krishna Handique INCHandKUSHAL KONWAR PATH WARD NO-10 JORHAT TOWN PO: JORHAT DIST:JORHAT ASSAM362320
Kamakhya Tasa BJPLotusHATIGARH TEA ESTATE PO:DULIAGAON JORHAT-7 ASSAM290406
Drupad Borgohain CPIEars of Corn And SickleMADURI GOHAIN GAON PO:MADURI DIST:SIVASAGAR ASSAM74185
Sujit Sahu INDTelevisionHINGORIJAN TEA ESTATE PO: BOTAMORA PS:MORANHAT DIST: SIVASAGAR ASSAM17149
Raj Kumar Dowarah INDCandlesKHARAGARH KHEMDOI KAKOTI GAON PO: KHEMDOI PUKHURI DIST: SIVASAGAR ASSAM5766
Abinash Kishore Borah RWSBattery TorchMOHMAIKI GAON PO AND PS : BOKAKHAT DIST : GOLAGHAT ASSAM5631
Navaprokash Sonowal INDBlack BoardKHEREMA GAON PO: BORHOLLA DIST: JORHAT ASSAM4561
Biren Nanda JMMBow & ArrowSATAI TEA ESTATE PO: NAKACHARI DIST: JORHAT ASSAM3437
Total Votes763455


YearVoter Turnout PercentageWinner CandidatePercentagePartyRunnerup CandidatePercentageParty
2004 61.85 BIJOY KRISHNA HANDIQUE 33.54 INC  DRUPAD BORGOHAIN 25.84 CPI  
1999 64.72 Bijoy Krishna Handique 48.31 INC  Janaki Nath Handique 32.55 BJP  
1998 34.54 Bijoy Krishna Handique 65.13 INC  Deba Kumar Bora 16.37 AGP  
1996 72.35 Bijoy Krishna Handique 47.99 INC  Bhadreswar Buragohain 40.71 AGP  
1991 66.01 Bijoy Krishna Handuqui 44.9 INC  Paragehar Chaliha 24.14 AGP  
1984 72.3 Parag Chaliha 57.12 IND  Bijoy Krishna Handique 37.57 INC  
1977 53.1 Tarun Gogoi 49.44 INC  Dulal Chandra Barua 39.91 BLD 


Jorhat is a town in Jorhat district in the Indian state of Assam. Jorhat was established as the new capital in the closing years of the 18th century by the decaying and declining Tunkhungia Ahom Dynasty. Jorhat as the name signifies, was just a couple (Jor) of markets (Hat). Two parallel markets namely Chowkihut and Macharhut, lay on the eastern and the western banks of the river Bhogdoi. Jorhat today has grown into a thriving cosmopolitan town with a strong sense of character and identity. It is the best laid out town in Upper Assam with broad roads, cutting each other at right angles. People of Jorhat have traditionally displayed a high interest towards arts and culture. Jorhat also has the distinction of having the largest number of educated residents in Assam, among all other districts. Jorhat is known as the Cultural Capital of Assam.

Contents

Geography

Jorhat is located at 26°45'N 94°13'E? / ?26.75°N 94.22°E? / 26.75; 94.22. It has an average elevation of 116 metres (380 feet). On the North of the district, the Brahmaputra River forms the largest riverine island of the world, Majuli, which spreads over 924.6 square kilometers with a population of about 1.50 lakh (170,000). The island, threatened by constant erosion by the mighty and unstable Brahmaputra River, had been the principal place of pilgrimage of Vaishnavites since the age of the Ahom rulers. Several Satras (monasteries) resembling those of medieval times are headed by Satradhikars teaching Vaishnavism which was initiated by Sankardeva (1449-1568). Each Satra has an unknown wealth of Vaishnav Scriptures and extensive revenue-free lands cultivated by the Bhakats (celebated monks) of the Satras. The district spreads over 2851 square kilometers and had a population of 8.7 lakhs or 870,000 according to a 1991 census. Population density at that time was 306 persons per square kilometer. The sex ratio is 913 (913 males per 1000 females). The district has SC and ST population of 7.61% and 12.09%, respectively, of the total population. However, the Majuli Sub-Division has a tribal population of 70% who are primarily “Misings”. Floods frequent the island every year without any exception. The mean annual rainfall of the district is 2029 mm. There are about 135 tea gardens including "out" gardens. The predominant field crop is rice, with per capita food grain production of 205 kg per annum.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Jorhat had a population of 66,450. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Jorhat has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 79%. In Jorhat, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

History of Jorhat

Jorhat, also known as Jorehaut, means two hats or mandis-“Macharhat” and “Chowkihat” which existed on the two different banks of the river Bhogdoi during the 18th Century, Jorhat was "The last capital of the Ahom Kingdom". In the year 1794, the Ahom King Gaurinath shifted the capital from Sibsagar while Rangpur to Jorhat. This town was a flourishing and commercial metropolis but completely destroyed after a series of the Burmese invasions of Assam since 1817 till the arrival of the British force in the year 1824 under the stewardship of David Scott and Captain Richard. The British Rule, though, was not free from rebellions and revolutions, contributed to reemergence of this historical town. From the very first decade of the British rule, the great revolutionists who emerged were Gomdhar Konwar, Jeuram, and Piyali. The British system of administration came into vogue in the year 1839 with an established Police Thana. During the great Sepoy Mutiny and Piyali Barua was sabotaged and these leaders were hanged in public at this very place in 1858. In 1885, a narrow gauge train services Jorhat Provincial Railway had come into operation and ultimately became instrumental in rapid growth of the tea industry. Though, the Civil Sub-division under Sibsagar district at Jorhat was formed in 1869, this great place was declared as administration headquarters of the undivided Sibsagar district in 1911 which comprised the present Sibsagar, Jorhat and Golaghat and parts of Karbi-Anglong district with Major A. Playfare as the first Deputy Commissioner. Presently, Jorhat is on its road to utopian modernization with many commercial and non commercial establishments setting foot on its soil. The oldest residents of this ever prosperous city have played a pivotal role in moulding the city to what it is today. The families of Handique, Sharmas, The Singhs and Borgohains. have been the most influential families in transforming the once sleepy city into a bustling and a well organised city. The present Deputy Commissioner of the administrative district of Jorhat is Ms LS Changsan.

Medieval constructions

Roads

Roads Year/Period During Whose Regin Remark
Seuni Ali (A.T. Road) 1650 Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha Jorhat to Gaurisagar 48 Km Constructed by Baduli Borphukan.
Dhudor Ali 1681-1695 Swargadeo Gadadhar Singha Kamargaon to Joypur touching Mariani Total length 211 Km.
Kharikatia 1696-1714 Swargadeo Rudra Singha Kharikatia to Titabor
Mohbondha Ali 1795-1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Jorhat to Mohbondha
Kamarbandha 1795-1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Jorhat to Kamarbandha
Malow Ali 1751-1769 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Desoi to Bosa
Susandebandha Ali 1795-1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Within Jorhat
Choladhora Ali 1795-1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha within Jorhat
Borpatra Ali 1795-1810 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Within Jorhat running in front of J.B.College
Na-Ali 1796 Swargadeo Kamaleswar Singha Jorhat to Titabor

Temples

Temple Year/Period During Whose Regin Remark
Hatigar 1812-Half done 1817-completed Swargadeo Chandrakanta Singha Constructed by Purnananda Burhagohain. 5Km from Jorhat on the way to Sibsagar.
Burigosani Than or Dewal 1794-1795 Garuinath Singha/Chandrakanta Singha Shifted to bank of river Bhogdoi.Now on the side of Dewal Road.
Garakhiadol Temple (Shiva Temple) 1714 Swargadeo Siba Singha 7 Km from Jorhat.
Borbheti Than (Originally moneastery) 1769-80 Swargadeo Rajeshwar Singha Constructed by Muwamoria Priest Ashtabhuz, 7Km from Jorhat town.
Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar 1497-1539 Swargadeo Suhungmung By the devotees of Madhavdev.

Monasteries

Monastery Year/Period During Whose Regin
Dakhinpat Satra 1562 Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha
Garmur Satra 1562 Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha

Culture

Jorhat is and has been a vibrant place and is a perfect mixture tradition and modernity. It was the hub of anti-British struggle of Assam. Before that it was the last capital of the Ahoms, the dynasty which ruled over Assam for six centuries. The cultural environment which prevails in Jorhat is the result of untiring effort of people trying to preserve its culture. In the year 1915, Jorhat Sahitya Shabha was established in Jorhat followed by Asam Sahitya Sabha was established in 27th Dec, 1917 in Sibasagar. The "Chandra Kanta Handique Bhavan", donated by late Radha Kanta Handique is the Headquarters of the Asam Sahitya Sabha in Jorhat. Jorhat has been able to produce many creative writers, historians, journalists, et cetera. The first Assamese to win highest award of literature in India, Gyanpith, happens to be from Jorhat. Jorhat is the home of internationally reputed ideologists and educationalists like Krishna Kanta Handique, founder Vice Chancellor of Gauhati University. In the building of Modern Assam Jorhat played a vital role so far as a sizable section of Assamese intelligentsia has always been from Jorhat. The healthy education and cultural life of Jorhat can be best judged from the fact that District has as many as five daily Newspapers published from here. Some of the important newspapers include: The Saptahik Janambhumi, The Dainik Janambhumi and The Eastern CLARION (English), The North East Times in English, Amar Asom in Assamese and The Purbanchal Prohori in Hindi. The Jorhat Town Hall is administrative building of the town administration located in the centre of the City. The Elyee Talkies presently known as Elyee Cinema was the first moving cinema theatre hall in Garali, the heart of the city.

Education & Research

Jorhat is the most literate district of Assam. Jorhat is considered to be a good place for ethical modern education values. Jorhat has a unique distinction of having the highest number of people having PhD degree ratio among cities in the whole of India. Some major education and research institutes include

Research Institute

  • North East Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat (Formerly RRL, Jorhat)
  • Tocklai Tea Research Centre
  • Institute of Rain and Moist Deciduous Forest Research (IRMDFR)
  • Central Muga Research

University

  • Assam Agriculture University (AAU)

Technical Institute

  • Jorhat Engineering College
  • Prince Of Wales Institute
  • Industrial training Institute (ITI, Jorhat)

Medical Institute

  • Jorhat Medical College (Jorhat Medical College) (under contruction)

College

  • Jagannath Barooah College Official website
  • DCB Girls' College Official Website.
  • Bahona College Official website.
  • Jorhat College official website.
  • Post Graduate Training College
  • Jorhat Law College
  • CKB Commerce College official website.
  • Kendriya Mahavidhalaya
  • The Eastern Theological College, Rajabari
  • Government Science College.
  • Chandra Kamal Bezbaruah College, Teok.official website
  • College of Management & IT, Jorhat official website
  • Kakojan College, Jorhat official website

School

  • Balya Bhavan, Jorhat
  • Carmel Convent School, Cinnamara
  • Edith Douglas School
  • Jorhat Government Boys School
  • Jorhat Govt. Girls' School official website.
  • Jorhat Gitarthi Vidyalaya
  • Jonaki Sangha Vidyalaya
  • Dipankar Vidyapith
  • Sankardev Seminary School
  • Assam Rifle Nodal School
  • Hemalata Handique Memorial Institute (H.H.M.I.), Lichubari
  • Don Bosco High School (Baghchung) official website.
  • Rebakanta Barooah Public High School
  • Air Force School, Air Force Station (Inside AF Station campus), Rowriah
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Titabor
  • Bahona Balya Bhawan, Bahona
  • Borholla Higher Secondary School
  • Teok High School, Teok
  • Malow Ali H.S & M.P School, Dhekorgorah

Central School

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, NEIST(RRL)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya (ONGC)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya (Air Force Station)

Places of Interest

Dhekiakhowa Bornamghar

It is one of the famous Bor namghar (place of worship) in Assam, established by saint-reformer Madhabdev in 1461. It is located at Dhekiakhowa village of Jorhat, 3.5 km away from 37 no. national highway. From the time of saint-reformer Sri Srimanta Sankardev and Madhavdev, this namghar has been continuing as an important centre for Baisnav Religion. Now this Bor namghar has 13 bighas of land, an auditorium of its own. The devotees of Assam donate freely to this namghar and due to their helping hand, the managing committee of namghar works a lot of social and cultural welfares. Almost 461 years old, this namghar has been playing an important role in the exercise of Baisnav Religion and unity for the people of Assam. There are many stories associated with this Bor namghar. It is said that the main piller of the namghar is made of a Xaal tree (Shorea robusta). One night one of the bhakat (monk) of the namgahr saw in his dream that the river near the Bor namghar (known as dhekiyakhua jaan) is flowing in opposite direction and is carrying a Haal tree mean to be for the construction of the Bor namghar. Next day when people saw that dream to be true, they made the main pillers of the Bor namghar from the tree.

Lachit Borphukan's Maidam

This is the Maidam of great Lachit Borphukan. He was the greatest ever Ahom General who defeated the mighty Mughals at Saraighat in 1672. It is located at Gohain gaon of Meleng-Hulungapar. It is 8 km far from the famous "Gibon Wildlife Sanctuary".

Raja Maidam

The existing maidam (vault)which lies on the south bank of Toklai river on the northern side of Jorhat town is of king Purandar Sinha who expired on 1st Oct 1894. The present maidam was constructed to preserve the ashes of the late king.

Jorhat Gymkhana Club

Established by British was built in 1876 by D. Slimmon, the then Secretary of the club in Seconidhara village. The club is famous as a venue for horse races ever since its inauguration. The "Governer's Cup" is the major trophy awarded here every year. It has a lush green 9-hole golf course circuit vying for a position in the "World Heritage list" as the oldest golf course in Asia. The club offers facilities in lawn tennis grass courts, swimming pool, billiards, polo, gentleman's bar and cinema theatre The cricket ground here is known as 'Jorhat Gymkhana Ground'. It had the grace of hosting the CK Naidu Cricket tournament matches.[3] Khel
Some Informations has been taken from Wikipedia

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