|Winner of General Elections 2009 in Bishnupur is SUSMITA BAURI (CPM)|
|Susmita Bauri||CPM||Hammer Sickle and Star||SARADAPALLY P.O-KENDUADIHIDIST-BANKURABANKURA TOWN||541075|
|Seuli Saha||AITC||Flowers and Grass||BAILA PARA P.O.& P.S.- BISHNUPUR DIST;-BANKURA BISHNUPUR TOWN||411709|
|Jayanta Mondal||BJP||Lotus||VILL. & P.O.-CHELEMA SUNUKPAHARI P.S. & DIST:- BANKURA CHELEMA VILLAGE||41908|
|Tapas Das||JMM||Bow & Arrow||VILL & P.O.-GANGAJALGHATI P.S.-GANGAJALGHATI DIST.-BANKURA GANGAJALGHATI VILLAGE||21634|
|Uma Kanta Bhakat||IND||Battery Torch||LOKEPUR P.O-KENDUADIHI DIST.-BANKURA BANKURA TOWN||17727|
|Uttam Bouri||IND||Candles||VILL:- BOGA BHUTSAHAR DIST:- BANKURA BOGA VILLAGE||11280|
|Manik Bauri||BSP||Elephant||VILL- RAGHUNATHPUR P.O.-VEDUASOLE P.S.- INDPUR DIST-BANKURA RAGHUNATHPUR VILLAGE||8816|
HistoryBishnupur was ruled under the Gupta period by local Hindu kings who paid tribute to Samudra Gupta. Following a long period of obscurity, where the land oscilated between being a minor independent principality and a vassal state . The land is also called Mallabhum after the Malla rulers of this place. The Malla rulers were Vaishnavites and built the famous terracotta temples during the 17th and 18th century at this place. The terracotta temples here are the best specimen of the classical style of Bengal architecture. Bishnupur (the distance from Kolkata is 132 km), now the headquarters of the subdivision of the same name in Bankura district, is a seat of crafts and culture. For almost a thousand years it was the capital of the Malla kings of Mallabhum, of which Bankura was a part, till their power waned during the times when Mughal rule weakened under the last monarchs of the dynasty. The patronage of Malla king Veer Hambir and his successors Raja Raghunath Singha and Veer Singha made Bishnupur one of the principal centres of culture in Bengal. Most of the exquisite terracotta temples for which town is justly famous were built during this period. Apart from the unique architecture of the period, Bishnupur is also famous for its terracotta craft and its own Baluchari sarees made of tussar silk. Royal patronage also gave rise to Vishnupuri gharana (school) of Hindustani classical music and the Bishnupur school of painting.
GeographyBishnupur is located at . It has an average elevation of 59 metres (194 feet).
DemographicsAs of 2001[update] India census, Bishnupur had a population of 61,943. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Bishnupur has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 77% and female literacy of 61%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Temples and other places of InterestThere are many such temples which stand testimony to the exquite craftsmanship of the artisans of the region. The temples were crafted from the local laterite and brick. The temples are covered with terracota tiles depicting scenes from the epic Mahabharata. The temples are located in Bishnupur and across many other small villages in the Bankura district. These include:
- Rasmancha: It is the oldest brick temple. Built in the late 16th century by King Beera Hambira. The temple has an unusual elongated pyramidical tower, surrounded by hut-shaped turrets, which were very typical of Bengali roof structures of the time.
- Jorebangla Temple of Keshta Rai: Built by King Raghunath Singha Dev II in the 17th century. The ornate terracotta carvings are set off by the roof in the classic chala style of Bengal architecture.
- Nandalal Temple
- Radhamadhab Temple
- Kalachand Temple
- Radhagovinda Temple
- Pancha Ratna Temple of Shyam Rai: Built in 1643 by King Raghunath Singha. The walls are richly decorated with terracotta carvings featuring aspects of Lord Krishna’s life.
- Krishna-Valaram Temple
- Mrinmayee Temple
- Radhashyam Temple
- Jor Bangla Temple
- Radha Laljiu Temple
- Madanmohan Temple
- Madanmohan Temple: King Durjana Singh Deva built the temple in 1694 AD in the ekaratna style, a square flat-roofed building with carved cornices, surmounted by a pinnacle. Impressive carvings on the walls depict scenes from the Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Puranas.
- Chhinnamasta Temple
- Dalmadal Caman
- Acharya Jogeshchandra Museum
- Pathar Darwaja (Main Gateway of Bishnupur)
- Garh Darwaja (Small Gateway of Bishnupur)
- Stone Chariot
- Nutan Mahal
- Birthplace of Shrinibas Acharya
MusicA school of music, called the Bishnupur Gharana, was established here in 1370 A.D and flourished under the patronage of the Malla kings. The school hit its peak in the 16th and 17th centuries. This style of music is rooted in the Dhrupad style and is still being kept alive in local academies of music.
Other Noteworthy ItemsTerracotta is the benchmark of Bishnupur. Apart from the temples, terracotta pottery, artifacts and even jewellery made in this very traditional material is famous. The potters here derive their inspiration from the glorius history of kings, soldiers and wars. Bishnupur is also known for its silk (tussar), particularly the Baluchari Sarees. Woven on unusual punch-card looms, these sarees have episodes from the Mahabharata woven into the border and pallu. Bellmetalware, conch-shell jewellery are also available here.
Festivals & FairsThere is a snake festival in August, Ultorath and the Bishnupur fair in December.
PoliticsIn the 2006 elections to the state assembly, Swapan Ghosh of CPI(M) won the Vishnupur assembly seat defeating his nearest rival Subhasish Batabyal of AITC, Jayanta Chowdhury of CPI(M) defeated Subhasish Batabyal of AITC in 2001 and Buddhadeb Mukherjee od INC in 1996. Achintya Krishna Ray of CPI(M) defeated Subhasish Batabyal of INC in 1991, Shyamaprasad Mukherjee of INC in 1987, Sabyasachi Roy of INC in 1982 and Ardhendu Mitra of INC in 1977. Susmita Bauri of CPI(M) won in the Vishnupur (Lok Sabha constituency)] in 2004. But in last 20 years, 175 years old Bishnupur Municipality is controlled by INC
Some Informations has been taken from Wikipedia
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