Interesting facts about the Electronic Voting Machine

Voters in all Lok Sabha constituencies going to the polls in April-May will cast their votes through EVMs. The house has 543 elective seats.

Will the ballot paper and ballot box make a return to the polling booths during the Lok Sabha elections. They will, if a particular constituency has more than 64 candidates.

The EVMs, manufactured by Bharat Electronics Ltd and Electronics Corporation of India Ltd, has the capacity to include only 64 names and if the number exceeds, then the Election Commission will have to resort to ballot papers.

Interesting facts about the Electronic Voting Machine

* The EVM is a simple electronic device used to record votes in place of ballot papers and boxes which were used earlier.

* The EVM was first used in India in 1982 in a by-election at the Parur assembly constituency of Kerala and in only 50 polling stations.

* A single EVM, which runs on alkaline batteries, can record a maximum of 3,840 votes which far exceeds the number of voters assigned in a polling station.

* EVMs are manufactured by two central government undertakings – Bharat Electronics Limited and Electronics Corporation of India Limited. The Election Commission of India gets EVMs from both them.

* An EVM can be used in areas without electricity as it runs on alkaline batteries.

* Utmost care has been taken to make EVM tamper-proof. The programming of the microprocessor chip used in EVMs is burned into the chip. Any attempt to alter the existing programme on the chip would destroy its existing programme and render it useless.

* The polling result is stored permanently in the memory chip of the EVM till it is intentionally cleared for readying the machine for subsequent elections. Removal of batteries from the machine does not have any effect on its memory.

* The Commission will be using around 11 lakh electronic voting machines for the exercise to be held in over 8.28 lakh polling stations across the country in the elections to be held in April and May.

* According to Election Commission, the Indian EVM is a far simpler machine than its counterpart in the United States.

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