Uttar Pradesh polls for Congress to improve its tally significantly in the next round of electoral battle, it is imperative that the party retains the gains it made in the Avadh region in the 2009 Lok Sabha election. Avadh region also houses the state capital, Lucknow. If the Mayawati government-sponsored resolution splitting Uttar Pradesh into four parts is anything to go by, Avadh would contain Lakhimpur Kheri, Sitapur, Farukkhabad, Kanpur Dehat, Kanpur Nagar, Unnao, Rae Bareli, Barabanki, Hardoi and Etawah distrcits, besides Lucknow
Riding on the support extended to it by Muslims, Kurmis and large sections of upper castes, and the pull of the Nehru-Gandhi family, Congress did exceptionally well in the region in 2009 elections. As many as eight of the 20 constituencies that it won from the state came from Avadh.