Mini Biography :
Arackaparambil Kurian Antony (born 28 December 1940) is the current Defence Minister of India, former Chief Minister of Kerala and Congress party working committee member.
A.K. Antony was born in the Cherthala Taluk, Alappuzha district of Kerala in a Catholic Christian family. His nickname is Thankachan. Antony completed his primary education in Holy Family Boys High school (Lower primary)and Government Boys High school (Upper primary), Cherthala (Both these schools are mixed higher secondary schools now and the latter changed its name to Sree Narayana Memorial Government Higher Secondary School)and completed his Bachelor of Arts degree from Maharajas College, Ernakulam and Bachelor of Law from Government Law College, Ernakulam.
He is a former Chief Minister of Kerala. The first term from April 27, 1977 to October 27, 1978, the second one from March 22, 1995 to May 9, 1996 and the third term from May 17, 2001 to August 29, 2004. When he became Chief Minister in 1977, he was the youngest Chief Minister of the State. He was the Leader of Opposition in Kerala Legislative Assembly during 1996 to 2001. A.K. Antony entered into politics by organising students of Cherthala Taluk (Alleppy District). He came to the public’s attention leading the student movements as an activist of Kerala Students Union (KSU). He has been an active leader of many strikes like Oru Ana Samaram (Single Penny Strike). He served as the president of KSU, Youth Congress and Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee [(KPCC)] before becoming the All India Congress Committee (AICC) General Secretary in 1984. When he became KPCC president he was the youngest person ever to be elevated to that post. He was elected several times to the Congress Working Committee (CWC), of which he’s presently a member.He is in charge of Karnataka state affairs of the Congress Party. He is also the youngest Chief minister of Kerala
He was a Member of Parliament between 1985 and 1995 and was the Minister for Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution latter in the tenure of Prime Minister Narasimha Rao.
Congress (A) was a political party founded by Antony when he split from the Indian National Congress (Urs) a splinter group of the Indian National Congress. The party was primarily active in Kerala. The party merged with the Congress when Sonia Gandhi took over the leadership of the party.
In 2004, amid factional politics and in-fighting within the Congress Party, Antony resigned as the Chief Minister of Kerala. He was succeeded by Oommen Chandy.
In 2005, A.K. Antony entered the Rajya Sabha and was inducted into the Union Council of Ministers as Defence Minister following Natwar Singh’s expulsion from the Congress and Pranab Mukherjee’s tranfer to the Ministry of External Affairs. Antony was also made Core Committee member and inducted into all main party boards and committees. He also serves as incharge of party affairs in Maharashtra.
After the Congress again won the elections in 2009 and formed the government once again under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Antony retained the portfolio of Defence for the second term.
There have been tussles in the Congress party regarding who should be the Chief Minister – Antony or K. Karunakaran
Member, Kerala Legislative Assembly: 1970 – 1977, 1977 – 1979, 1995 – 1996,1996 – 2001, 2001 – 2005,