Visakhapatnam


Winner of General Elections 2009 in Visakhapatnam is DAGGUBATI PURANDESWARI (INC)

Updated Election Results Details of Visakhapatnam


Candidate NamePartySymbolAddressVote
Daggubati Purandeswari INCHand3-194 KARAMCHEDU VILLAGE KARAMCHEDU MANDAL PRAKASAM DISTRICT368812
Palla Srinivasa Rao PRAPRailway EngineD.NO.1-77 NEW GAJUWAKA VISAKHAPATNAM302126
Dr.m.v.v.s.murthi TDPBicycleD.NO.10-27-13 WALTAIR UPLANDS VISAKHAPATNAM-530003223117
M.t.venkateswaralu LSPWhistleD.NO.10-5-11/94G SEETHA TOWERS RAMNAGAR VISAKHAPATNAM39363
D.v.subbarao BJPLotusD.NO.7-22-3 SANJIVAYYA NAGAR KIRLAMPUDI VISAKHAPATNAM30336
Apparao Golagana INDRoad RollerD.NO.14-333 LAKSHMI NAGAR GOPALAPATNAM VISAKHAPATNAM9670
I.m.ahmed BSPElephantD.NO.16-2-7 OFFICIAL COLONY MAHARANIPETA VISAKHAPATNAM8838
D.bharathi PPOITelevisionD.NO.10-4-25/45 RAMNAGAR VISAKHAPATNAM5896
Rangaraju Kalidindi INDBananaD.NO.13-157 MADHURAWADA VILLAGE P.M.PALEM VISAKHAPATNAM5797
Ramesh Lanka BHSASPCameraD.NO.11-9-39 404 INDIRA APARTMENTS DASPALLA HILLS VISAKHAPATNAM5347
Bethala Kegiya Rani BSP(AP)KiteD.NO.11-99 MADUGULA MANDAL VISAKHAPATNAM3297
Bandam Venkata Rao Yadav INDDiesel PumpD.NO.50-59-2/1 RAJENDRANAGAR VISAKHAPATNAM2660
D.v.ramana (vasu Master) TPPPCandlesD.NO.19-35-7 RANGIREEJUVEEDHI VISAKHAPATNAM2493
Yaddanapudi Rangarao INDGas CylinderD.NO.49-55-8/1 VIDYUTNAGAR VISAKHAPATNAM2314
Yalamanchili Prasad INDCeiling FanD.NO.50-57-22 RAJENDRANAGAR VISAKHAPATNAM2195
Total Votes1012261


Visakhapatnam also Visakhapattanamu, shortened and anglicised: Visakha/Vizag or Vizagapatam/Vizag City) is a coastal, port city & often called as “The Jewel of the East Coast” situated in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, located on the eastern shore of India, nestled among the hills of the Eastern Ghats and facing the Bay of Bengal to the east. It is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam District and is also home of the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy.

Contents

Overview

Alternatively, it sometimes goes by its now mostly defunct colonial British name, Waltair. During the colonial era, the city had at its hub the Waltair railway station, and that part of the city still goes by the name of Waltair. It is sometimes also referred to as the "City of Destiny". The city is home to several state owned heavy industries, one of the most advanced steel plants and has one of the country's largest ports and its oldest shipyard. It has the only natural harbour on the eastern coast of India. Andhra University, a prominent seat of education in Andhra Pradesh is located here. Visakhapatnam, which is the second largest city of Andhra Pradesh with an area of 550 km², is primarily an industrial city, apart from being a tourist destination. Tourists are attracted by its unspoilt beaches, nearby scenic Araku Valley and Borra caves, the 11th-century Simhachalam temple and ancient Buddhist sites like Thotlakonda & Bavikonda spread across the area. The city boasts of a submarine museum, the first of its kind in South Asia, at Ramakrishna Beach.

Name and history

The city is said to have derived its name Visakhapatnam from the deity 'Visakha' (the God of Valour), Patnam is the Telugu word for City. Visakhapatnam or the place of Visakha, is named after the deity of valor, the second son of Lord Shiva. The other story is the beauty of the place was compared to the beauty of Sakhi Visakha. The legend is that Radha and Visakha were born on the same day and equally beautiful. The city people believe that an Andhra King impressed by the beauty built a temple to pay obeisance to his family deity, Visakha. The stories be numerous but the fact remains; the unparalleled natural splendor of Visakhapatnam. The Epic City The city has been mentioned in the Indian epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. The forests of the Eastern Ghats; where the two brothers Rama and Laxman wandered in search of Sita, wife of Lord Rama. Rama formed his army of monkey men in the region with the help of Hanuman and Jambavan. The monkey army of Rama later defeated the demon King Ravana to claim back his wife Sita. An episode of Mahabharata when Bheema killed the demon Bakasura, was believed to have happened in the village Uppalam, just 25 miles from the city. Buddhist Influence. The religious Hindu texts mention that the region of Visakhapatnam in the 5th century BC was part of the vast Kalinga territory which extended up to River Godavari. The relics found in the area also prove the existence of a Buddhist empire in the region. Kalinga later lost the territory to King Ashoka in the bloodiest battle of the time which prompted him to embrace Buddhism.
The territory of Viskahapatnam then came under the Andhra Rulers of Vengi. Then Chalukyas, Pallavas, the Reddy Kings ruled over the placid land. The Chola Kings built the temples in the city in 11-12 century AD as established by Archeological findings. The Mughals ruled this area under the Hyderabad Nizam in the late 15th and early 16th century. The merchants from Europe, the French, the Dutch and the East India Company used this natural port to export tobacco, ivory, muslin and other textile products. Local legend states that an Andhra king while on his way to Benares, rested there and was so enchanted with the sheer beauty of the place, that he ordered a temple to be built in honor of his family deity, Visakha. Archaeological sources however reveal that the temple was possibly built between the 11th and 12th centuries by the Cholas. A shipping merchant, Sankarayya Chetty, built one of the mandapams (pillared halls) of the temple. Although it no longer exists (it may have been washed away about a hundred years ago by a cyclonic storm), elderly residents of Vizag talk of visits to the ancient shrine by their grandparents. Noted author Ganapatiraju Atchuta Rama Raju contradicted this [1]. In the 18th century, Visakhapatnam was part of the Northern Circars, a region comprising Coastal Andhra and southern costal Orissa that was initially under French control and later the British. Visakhapatnam became a district in the Madras Presidency of British India. After India's independence it was the biggest district in the country and was subsequently divided into the three districts of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Visakhapatnam.

The City

From being a small fishing village in the twentieth century, Visakhapatnam has grown into an industrial hub. Its saga began with the quest of British to find a suitable port that could serve the hinterland possessing rich mineral wealth. Unlike the western coast of India, the east coast has few undulations to form a natural harbor. Britishers quest for finding out a harbor ended with Vizag. Vizag is the most protected natural harbour in Asia. They started building the harbor in 1927 and in 1933 it was opened to traffic. One more important milestone is setting up of Scindia Steam Navigation Co., later known as Hindustan Shipyard Ltd in 1940. With the construction of the K.K. line connecting the iron ore mines of Bailadila in M.P. (present day Chattisgarh), its importance grew. In 1950s and 1960s Government and private sector setting up some largescale Basic industries like Bharat Heavy Plates and Vessels (B.H.P.V.), Hindustan Zinc Ltd., Caltex oil refinery (later acquired by government as H.P.C.L.), Coromandel fertilizers, Andhra Polymers (now LG Polymers), etc. 1980s saw a major development with the development of Visakhapatnam Steel Plant and other major industries. Economic liberalization in the 1990s brought a modest growth to the city but not as much as it did to Hyderabad. However, some industries sprang up like Rain calcining Ltd., expansion of HPCL, setting up of Vizag Export Processing zone, Simhadri Thermal Power plant of N.T.P.C., etc. Visakhapatnam is now declared as one of ten fastest growing cities of the world a recent study conducted by the United Nations.
Due to the presence of the Eastern Naval Command, Steel Plant and H.P.C.L., the city has been the home to people from different parts of the country and due to this the city has a cosmopolitan nature.
The city's main commercial and shopping centres are located in the Dwarakanagar-R.T.C. complex area and Jagadamda Junction area. Since 2000, the Dwarakanagar-R.T.C. complex area has transformed into a commercial hub with new shopping malls and complexes spring up within a radius of 2-3 kilometers. The city is home to many five star hotels such as Taj group, ITC-WelcomGroup & Park Hotels. There has been a rise in the real estate prices attributed to the Telangana movement for a separate Telangana state, fueling speculation on Visakhapatnam becoming the next capital. Recently various large and small software and BPO companies have announced plans for starting development and outsourcing centers in Vizag, which has also contributed to the rise in real estate prices. Inflows from Non Resident Indians (NRIs) from Vizag has further added to this rise. Indira Gandhi Zoological Park was setup in 1972 in the city outskirts. The Zoo Park features some of the rarest species in India.

Strategic Importance

Ever since the battle of Kalinga during emperor Ashoka's reign, the city found itself as a hotbed of military activity in almost every battle witnessed in the country. Right from the battle of Kalinga, World War II, India-Pakistan war of 1971 and Bangladesh Liberation War. It was only the second region in south Asia to be attacked by Japanese fighter planes during world war II. Recognising the strategic importance of the city and the role it played during the Bangladesh Liberation War, Pakistan sent its submarine, PNS Ghazi to destroy India's only aircraft carrier. The submarine sank off the coast (Pakistan claims, accidentally hitting one of the mines it laid; India claims, from depth-charge dropped by destroyer INS Rajput). The remnants of the submarine are on display on the beach road. The city was so important during times of war that the Indian government decided to set up the Eastern Naval Command, overlooking the more populous Madras and Calcutta and developed Vizag during that period. The establishment of the E.N.C. soon after the construction of the ship building yard firmly secured Vizag's place in the annals of the Indian Navy. More defence related establishments would later come up including the N.S.T.L. (Naval Science and Technology Laboratories), which is responsible for the development and testing of warship technology, equipment and weapons. The Navy is also constructing a second base as the current base is overpopulated and not sufficient to meet the needs of the E.N.C. Despite its importance, the Naval establishment has become a hindrance for the development of Visakhapatnam. The most beautiful harbour is not made open for the general public citing the reasons of security, while in Bombay and Cochin, entire port along with Naval docks are opened for boating and of course the tourism in those locations are linked to it. The same is true when they are blocking the Road on Dolphin's nose mountain to Scindia.
Visakhapatnam is surrounded on three sides by the overlapping mountain ranges, and the south eastern city is safeguarded by the Bay of Bengal. Vizag is far away from any international border, both land and sea, making it the choice for strategic placement of the headquarters of the eastern naval command.

Demographics

Vizag is a cosmopolitan mix of people from various parts of the country. From a population of a few thousand locals during the 18th century and early 19th century the population grew steadily every decade. The city doubled its population from 1990–2000 owing to a large migrant population from surrounding areas and other parts of the country coming to the city to work in its heavy industries. As of 2001 India census,[2] Visakhapatnam had a population of 2,845,938. After the state government approved the formation of Greater Visakhapatnam with the merger of Gajuwaka municipality and 32 villages in the vicinity in the Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation, the population of the city and the metro area swelled to 3.1 Million. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 74% and female literacy is 63%. 10% of the population is younger than six. Visakhapatnam is listed as one of the Ten Fastest Growing Cities of the World.[3] Hinduism is practised by the majority of citizens followed by Islam and Christianity. The city patronised Buddhism for 2 millennia as evident from the presence of many Buddhist sangharamas in the outskirts. The Buddhist population has however waned since. All the religions co-exist peacefully, Visakhapatnam never witnessed communal riots during its entire history.

Language

Visakhapatnam is predominantly a Telugu speaking city. The Telugu spoken by the middle classes is a standard dialect, while a significant population who have settled down in the city from adjoining villages and neighbouring districts of East Godavari, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam speak Uttarandhra (North Coastal) Mandalikam dialects. Historians believe that centuries ago, when Uttarandhra was part of the Kalinga (India) Empire, Buddhist missionaries and merchants might have taken Telugu (Derived from Brahmi script) script to Southeast Asia from the shores of Uttarandhra where it parented into the scripts of Mon, Burmese, Thai, Khmer, Siam, Javanese and Balinese languages and even Sinhala of Sri Lanka. Their similarities to Telugu script can be discerned even today. Visakhapatnam is home to a small proportion of Oriya, Maharashtrians,Bengali and Malayalee community, their migration is of recent origin. Visakhapatnam due to the Naval presence and high concentration of public sector industries has a significant Hindi speaking population. It is also home to a large section of Muslims;
Some Informations has been taken from Wikipedia

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