sometimes spelt as Vijaya-nagaram
is the main city of the Vizianagaram District
of North Eastern Andhra Pradesh in Southern India. Vizianagaram district was formed on 1 June 1979
, with some parts carved from the neighbouring districts of Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam. It is located about 18 km inland from the Bay of Bengal, and 40 km northwest of Visakha-patnam. While the literal meaning of Vizianagaram is the City of Victory
, it is also sometimes referred to as the city of education
in these parts as there are many colleges and schools here. It is an important business and educational center for north coastal Andhra and the adjoining state of Orissa.? / 18.12; 83.42
This area was ruled by different Hindu Emperors of Kalinga (Ancient Orissa) up to the mediaeval
period. After the fall of centralised Gajapati empire of Orissa this region was governed by the Golkonda rulers. The ancestors of Maharaja's of Vizianagaram belongs to Udaipur (Mewar) in Rajasthan.
Rulers of this princely state belong to the Pusapati family. The village Pooshpadu in Nandigama Taluq was built by Amala Raju. The village later came to be known as Pusapadu. Therefore, the Kshatriyas living there came to be known as Pusapati.
The Pusapati's are the descendents of Pericchedi's, the ancient ruling clan of Andhra Pradesh. Paricchedis were staunch patrons of Hindu Dharma in contrast to the Chalukyas, who initially were patrons of Jainism. The family name was changed to Pusapati after moving to the coastal region. The name is derived from the Sanskrit Pushavat (Pushan), meaning of the sun, to highlight their Suryavanshi lineage. They founded the city of Vizianagaram, named after Vijay Rama Raju, spelled with a Z to differentiate it from the Vijayanagar Dynasty in Hampi. They obtained the title of Gajapathi, after the battle of Nandapur, in the Northern Circars in the 16th century.
The Maharaja of Vizianagaram is stated to be descended from the Ranas of Udaipur, the Sisodia branch of the Guhilot tribe and Vasishta gotra. According to the traditions of the Udaipur house, a member settled in Ayodhya (Oudh) and in the 6th century AD emigrated to Telingana, accompanied by representatives of the Vasishta, Dhanunjaya, Kaundinya and Kasyapa gotras. In 1484 Pusapati Rachi Raju wrote Vasistha Gotra Kshatriya Sisa Malika.
The Rajas allied themselves with the Gajapathi Emperor of Orissa against the Vijayanagar Empire initially but after being conquered by Krishna Deva Raya they became their feudal allies. They, along with the other allies of Vijayanagar were conquered by Sultan Kali, the founder of the Qutub Shahi dynasty of Golkonda but by 1652 the 5th King of the subsequent Pusapati line was made Subahdar of the Northern Circars and they re-established themselves in the Vizagapatnam country. they received the Gajapathi title after defeating Gajapathi's of nandapur (orissa ) in 16 th century. Emperor Aurangzeb gave Maharaja Sita Rama raju a two-edged sword (Zulfiqar), for his exceptional valour in golcunda campaign against qutubshaih's. this is still used in the coat-of-arms of the family. By 1713 they erected the fort at Vizianagaram where they have since resided.
In 1754, Pusapati Vijaya Rama Gajapathi Raju, of the ruling family of Vizianagaram, made an alliance with the French, but a few years later the territory was ceded to the British. It remained under their control until independence in 1947.
was constructed in the year 1712-1714 A.D. Traditionally five Vijayas or signs of victory were present at the inception of this fortress. It was named Vizia-nagaram (place of victory) after its founder Vijaya Rama Raju and the foundations were laid on Tuesday (Jayavaram in Telugu), the tenth day (Vijayadasami
) of the Dasara Festival in the year Vijaya of the Hindu calendar. In 1827 Maharajah Vijay Rama Gajapati Raju III had several honors conferred on him by the British Government. Lord Northbrook obtained for him the title of His Highness, and had his name enrolled among those of chiefs entitled to return visits from the Viceroy with a 13 gun salute. The main picture of vizianagaram word comes from the meaning city of education.The main govt.college in vizianagaram is M.R.Women's college and M.R.Men's college.and now many of the educationists are preparing by M.V.G.R.College of engineering.
Originally of the Pericchedi line that moved from Bezawada
(Modern Vijayawada) to Vizianagaram.
- Pusapati Amala Raju (Founder)
- Pusapati Rachi Raju
- Pusapati Tama Bhupaludu (b.1620-d.1670)
- Pusapati Peda Vijayarama Raju (b.1670-d.1757)
- Pasupati Ananda Raju (d.1760)
- Pusapati Chinna Vijayarama Raju (1760-1794)
- Pusapati Narayana Babu Raju (1794 - 1845)
- Pusapati Vijayarama Gajapati Raju (1845-1879)
- Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju (1879-1897)
- Pusapati Vijayarama Gajapati Raju (1897-1922)
- Pusapati Alaka Narayana Gajapati Raju (1922-1937)
- Pusapati Vijayarama Gajapati Raju (1945-1995)
- Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju (1950- )
Vizianagaram is located at 18°07'N 83°25'E? / ?18.12°N 83.42°E? / 18.12; 83.42
It has an average elevation of 74 metres (242 feet).
|As of 2001
- Vizianagaram had a population of 195,801
- Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%.
- Vizianagaram has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%:
- male literacy is 75%
- female literacy is 62%.
- In Vizianagaram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
|Vizianagaram mandal had a population of 242,348 in 2001.
- Males constitute 1,20,560
- females 1,21,788 of the population.
- The average literacy rate of Vizianagaram mandal is 71% above the national average of 59.5%.
- Male literacy rate is 80%
- females 63%.
- There are 23 revenue villages and 21 panchayats in Vizianagaram mandal.
Viziangaram city had a population of more than 5 lakhs in 2009. It is one of the fastest growing cities in Andhra Pradesh
Assembly constituency-Places of Interest
|List of Members of Legislative Assembly:
Places of Interest
- 1952 - Gantlana Suryanarayana
- 1952 and 1955 - Pusapati Vijaya Rama Gajapati Raju
- 1962 - Bhattam Sri Ramamurthy
- 1967 - V. Rama Rao
- 1972 - Appasani Appanna Dora
- 1978, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1994, and 1999 - Pusapati Ashok Gajapati Raju
- 2004 - Kolagatla Veera Bhadra Swamy
- Ghanta Stambham (Clock Tower).
- The Venkateswara Temple.
- Khan Baba Dargah: This is a tomb of famous saint Hazrath Khan Baba Rahmatullah Alai who was an eminent Sufi Saint. It is told that the Saint had spent much of his life in Ajmer at the tomb of Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty popularly called Gharib Nawaz. The Annual Urs celebration is held every year on the 1st of Safar the second Islamic month in Hijri Calendar. Also in the premises of the Dargah the tombs of Saints Hazrath Munnawar Ali Shah Qadri Rahmatullah alai and Hazrath Malang Baba Rahmatullah Alai. Visitors experience peace and attain spiritual blessings.
- The Hare Krishna Ashram, located about 7 km from Vizianagaram town, near Jonnavalasa village.
- The 5th Andhra Pradesh Special Police Battalion about 8 km from Vizianagaram town,at Chintalavalasa village.
- Pedda Cheruvu, a man-made lake of about 170 acres (0.69 km2) located adjacent to the Maharaja's Fort.
- The Maharaja's Fort.
- The Rani's Fort.
- Pydithalli Ammavari Temple: According to the legend, one of the daughters of the Pasupati royal family was the reincarnation of the presing deity, Pydithallamma. The locals believe that with the blessings of the Goddess one can lead a happy and prosperous life. The idol of the Goddess was discovered on Vijayadasimi day way back in the year 1752. To mark the occasion, an annual jatra is held on this day which attracts large crowds.
viziangaram city had a population of more than 5 lakhs in 2009. It is one of the fastest growing municipalities in Andhrapradesh
Sri Pydithalli Ammavaru Temple
The origin of the Sri Pydithalli Ammavaru temple is associated with the events of the royal family. Local folklore states that the goddess (Grama Devata) of the temple is a sister of the Maharaja of Vizianagaram. The story starts in 1750 when French leader Bussy was staying with his entire battalion near Hyderabad. In addition to financial problems, many of his soldiers were dying due to some sort of disease (Masuchi). Vijya Rama Raju of Vizianagaram helped him to overcome the financial crisis and rebuild his battalion. In 1756 Bussy visited Rajamundry
where Vijaya Rama Raju gave a warm welcome. The Bobbili Maharajas and Vizianagaram Rajas were in constant conflicts regarding control over the region. Using his good relations with the French, Vijaya Rama Raju set out to gain supremacy over the Northern Circars, leading to the Bobbili battle in January 23rd 1757. During the battle the entire Bobbili fort got destroyed and many Bobbili soldiers died in the battle.
According to folklore, the wife of Vijaya Rama Raju as well as his sister, Sri Pydimamba unsuccessfully tried to stop the battle when hearing the news. At the time Sri Pydimamba was suffering from Masuchi also. While she was doing a puja, she came to know that Vijaya Rama Raju was in trouble. She wanted to inquire about her brother and tried to convey a message through their soldiers, but every one was in the battle. She was able to find one soldier named Pati-wada Appala Naidu, but by then she got news that Vijaya Rama Raju died in the hands of Tandra Papa Rayudu. She fell unconscious with grief. Patiwada Appla Naidu sprinkled water over her face and when she regained consciousness, she told Appala Naidu that she could not live anymore. She is thought to have become one with the Goddess after she died, as after completion of the Bobbili battle and after Vijaya-dasimi, on the next Tuesday an idol was found in the west side of Pedda Charuvu of Vizianagaram. It is known as "Pyidimamaba", village goddess of Vizianagaram. It is thought that the incident took place in the place in the present day Railway station opposite where the temple is constructed. Her statue will be found on the west side of Pedda Charuvu.
Saraswathi devi temple and Lord Venkateswara temple
These temples are also famous to see and enjoy. In these temples the authorities do all the puja karyakram in time. This is a nice temple located at 100 feet ring road. It is surrounded by a clean and green garden.
Revenue villages and village panchayats
There are 23 revenue villages and 22 village panchayats
in Vizianagaram Mandal.
- Ayyanna-peta (panchayat)
- Biyyala-peta (panchayat)
- Chelluru (village and panchayat)
- Dharma-puri (village and panchayat)
- Duppada (village and panchayat)
- Dwara-pudi (village and panchayat)
- Gajularega (village and panchayat)
- Gollala-peta (panchayat)
- Gunkalam (village and panchayat)
- Haji-saheb-peta (revenue village)
- J.N.Puram (revenue village)
- Jagannadha-puram (revenue village)
- Jammu (panchayat)
- Jonna-valasa (panchayat)
- K.L. Puram (village and panchayat)
- Kanapaka (village and panchayat)
- Konda Karakam (village and panchayat)
- Korukonda (village and panchayat)
- Koru-konda-palem (panchayat)
- Mali-cherla (village and panchayat)
- Narayana-puram (panchayat)
- Pinvemali (village and panchayat)
- Rakodu (village and panchayat)
- Sarika (village and panchayat)
- Siri-yala-peta (revenue village)
- Vantithadi Agraharam (revenue village)
- Venu-gopala-puram (revenue village)
- Vizianagaram (municipality and mandal headquarters)
|*The Leprosy Mission-VTC,Chelluru.
- ANDHRA UNIVERSITY-VIZIANAGARM CAMPUS 
- JNTU KAKINADA University College Of Engineering,Vizianagaram(2007)
- Maharaja's High School (1857).
- Maharaja's College (1879).
- Maharaja's Music College.
- Maharaja's Sanskrit College
- Maharaja's College of Education (1950).
- Maharaja's College for Women and Home Sciences (1962)
- Maharaja's Girls High School (1974)
- Maharaja's Model High School (1974)
- MANSAS Industrial Training Centre (1977)
- MANSAS English Medium School (1979)
- Maharaja's Vijayaram Gajapathi Raju Law College (1986)
- Maharaja's Post-graduate Centre (1987)
- Maharaja Vijayaram Gajapathi Raju College of Engineering (1996).
- Maharaja's Institute of Medical Sciences, Nellimarla.
- Maharajah's college of Pharmacy
- Govt SANSKRIT SCHOOL
- M.S.N Junior College.
Gayatri Juniour College, Srinivasa Juniour College, Boddu Krishna Juniour and Degree College, Bharateya Vidya Kendram (BVK) School, Maharanipet Sainik school korukonda
- Laxmi School of Nursing.
- Venkata Padma School of Nursing.
- Municipal High Schools
- Boddu Paidanna Memorial Municipal High School (BPM School)
- Kaspa High School
- Municipal High School, Cantonment
- Dr Besant English Medium High School, Butchanna Koneru
- St.Josephs English medium high school, Cantonment
- Gurajada Public School, VUDA Colony
- Gurjada Residential School, Poolbagh Road
- St. Mary's High school, Cantonment
- AGL Degree & PG College, PSR Complex, Near RTC Complex.(1999)
- R K Juniour and Degree College
- Srinivasa Juniour College,
- Chitanya Degree College
- Gurjada Appa Rao writer
- Ghantasala singer
- P. Suseela singer
- Dwaram Venkata Swamy Naidu musician
- Ajjada Adibhatla Narayana Dasu Harikatha
- Chaganti Somayajulu writer
- Saraswathi Gora an atheist social worker and wife of Gora.
- C. Y. Chintamani editor, journalist, politician and parliamentarian.
- Dr. Sampath Kumar D.Y. Dancer
- Aarudhra (Bhagavatula Sadashiva Shankara Sastry) writer
- Kodi Rammurthy Naidu, body builder
- Dr. Dwivedula Visalakshi Telugu novelist
- Late shri Karanam.Adinarayana ,Businessman & social worker
- Prakasam Tata, Ph.D., environmentalist and humanitarian
- Peesapati Narasimha Murthy, Famous Stage Artist
- Syed Parwez Hashmi, District Governor, Lions Clubs International
Some Informations has been taken from Wikipedia
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) released its Lok Sabha election manifesto on Friday in New Delhi promising to deal with the scourge of terror with an iron hand and also announced a host of populist measures if voted to power.
Congress MP and Bollywood actor Govinda is not seeking a ticket from Mumbai North constituency for the upcoming Lok Sabha polls. The BJP has fielded former union minister Ram Naik from the same constituency.
Bollywood actor-MP Govinda will not stand for...
The Election commission on Monday announced dates for the 15th Lok Sabha elections , which will be held in five phases from April 16 to May 13.
Lok Sabha poll schedule:
1st phase: April 16, 2009 (124 seats)
2nd phase: April 23, 2009(141...